8th Grade US History Topics/Concepts
Below is a list of all the topics/concepts that are taught in 8th Grade US History with Mr Schwarten.  The Humanities classes are accelerated and go deeper into topics.  

Quarter 1: 1607-1783
1.       Summer Reading Due when arrive: The Island at the Center of the World by Russel Shorto
2.       American Values
3.       What is American Culture?
4.       NYC Book:  Topics on Immigration, Culture, and NYC as a global/cultural hub over time. 
5.       Colonial Fashion (HUM HW and project in Comprehensive)
6.       The 13 Colonies
a.       Research Project on Colonies and Regions
7.       British Economy/Mercantilism
8.       The Enlightenment and the Transatlantic Exchange
a.       General Culture of the Enlightenment
                                                               i.      Libraries and Self-Improvement
                                                              ii.      A Transatlantic Republic of Letters
                                                            iii.      The Provincial Spectator and the Novel
                                                            iv.      The Press and the Provincial Public
                                                             v.      Benjamin Franklin: International Scientist  
                                                            vi.      Immanuel Kant:  What is enlightenment?
b.       Government
                                                               i.      John Locke:  The Second Treatise of Civil Government
                                                              ii.      Baron De Montesquieu:  The Spirit of the Laws
                                                            iii.      Jean-Jacques Rousseau:  The Social Contract
c.         Women
                                                               i.      Thomas Paine:  Women Adored and Oppressed
                                                              ii.      Mary Wollstonecraft: Vindication of the rights of women
                                                            iii.      Catherine Sawbridge Macaulay Graham: Women’s Education 
                                                            iv.      Olympe De Gouges: The Rights of Woman 
d.       Slavery and Race
                                                               i.      Thomas Jefferson:  On Indians and Negroes
                                                              ii.      Immanuel Kant:  The Differences between the Races
                                                            iii.      Thomas Paine: African Slavery in America
9.       Slavery/Triangle Trade
10.    French and Indian War/Proclamation of 1763
a.       Perspective and POV analysis
11.    The Road to Revolution: Taxation without Representation!
12.    Continental Congress
a.       Small Scale Live Action Role Play
13.    Purposes of Democratic Government
14.    Declaration of Independence 
15.    The American Revolution
a.       Military History: Highlights of Battles
16.    Who was Howard Zinn?
a.       A collection of essays and mixer activity about Howard Zinn that give context to his work.
17.    A People’s History of the United States by Howard Zinn: A Kind of Revolution

Quarter 2: 1781-1814
1.       The Articles of Confederation 
2.       Early American Period under Articles of Confederation 1781-1789 (Was the US Successful from 1781-1789?)
3.       Govt Concepts: (Citizenship Guide for Humanities)
a.       Anatomy of the Constitution 
b.       3 Branches of Govt.
c.        American System of Dividing Power
d.       Electing the President and the Electoral College
e.        Bill of Rights
4.       The Constitutional Convention
a.       English and History Joint Project
b.       The issue of Historical Heroism (Loewen)
c.        Strengths and Weaknesses of LARPing as a historical method and way of teaching history
5.       History of Government Concepts in America
6.       Con Con:  Exclusion
a.       3/5 Compromise and African Americans
b.       Lives of Women and Social Class
7.       Inside and outside Forces:  
a.       Washington Administration
b.       Adams-Jefferson Administrations
                                                               i.      Foreign and domestic policy Issues
c.        The formation of Political Parties
d.       Political Cartoon analysis
e.        IOF:  Through Lens of political parties and persuasion project
8.       Marbury V Madison
9.       McCulloch V Maryland
10.    The War of 1812

Quarter 3:
1.       Gaining Ground:  American Land Acquisitions/Expansion
2.       US Geography
3.       Monroe Doctrine
4.       Manifest Destiny
5.       Henry David Thoreau: Civil Disobedience, Just War Theory, and Manifest Destiny
6.       Emerson: Self Reliance and the Ethos of the American West
7.       Manifest Destiny in Latin America
a.       William Walker and the Filibusters
8.       The Role of Technology in the Expansion of America
a.       Steamboats, Trains, and Canals
9.       The Reform Movements of the 19th Century in America
a.       Abolition
b.       Temperance
c.        Public Education
d.       Reform of Prisons and Asylums,
e.        Utopia Movements
f.        Women’s Rights/Suffrage
g.        Labor Movements
10.    Facing East:  American Indians
a.       De Soto and Discovery by Europeans
b.       American Indian Identity:  Existing Between 2 Worlds
c.        American Indians and Imperial Power
d.       Attempt at forming a unified identify and religion: Pontiac, Tecumseh, and The Prophet
e.        The Policy of Indian Removal
11.    Missouri Compromise
12.    Slavery in America and the Antebellum South
a.       A brief history of slavery in World History
b.       The Antebellum South and the Institution of Slavery
c.        Nat Turner
d.       The use of biography and narrative as a historical method
13.    Industrialization, mechanization, and the worker in the North
14.    Andrew Jackson:  “A most law obeying and law breaking citizen.” 
a.       Dossier Project (Who is Andrew Jackson?)
                                                               i.      Andrew Jackson’s young Life (Before 1824)
1.       Andrew Jackson:  Life before being a public figure (Childhood, younger life, his home The Hermitage, etc)
2.       War of 1812
3.       Andrew Jackson in the “Era of Good Feelings”
4.       Seminole War
5.       Investigation into Jackson about the death of John Woods
                                                              ii.      Background on Public Enemies
1.       John Quincy Adams (Life before the election of 1824)
2.       Henry Clay (Life before election of 1824
                                                            iii.      Election of 1824
1.        “The Corrupt Bargain”
2.       Jackson’s reaction to JQA’s presidency
3.       Important events of the Adams administration
                                                            iv.      Election of 1828 and the immediate aftermath
1.       The importance of political parties and the formation of the Democratic Party and the Whigs in 1828
2.       The Role of Universal Suffrage for White Men and the West in the Election
3.       Celebration at White House
4.       Spoils System and Kitchen Cabinet
                                                             v.      Jackson Administration
1.       Nullification Crisis
2.       The Issue of the National Bank
3.       Role in Indian Removal

Quarter 4:
1.       The Road to Civil War
a.       Compromise of 1850
b.       Kansas-Nebraska Act and Bleeding Kansas
c.        Uncle Tom’s Cabin and the Fugitive Slave Act
d.       Lincoln-Douglas Debates
e.        Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad
f.        Frederick Douglas (Bio and meeting with Abraham Lincoln)
g.        Election of 1860
h.       Battle of Fort Sumter
i.         Wilmot Proviso and the Mexican War
j.         Violence in Congress (Preston Brooks V Charles Sumner)
k.       The Dred Scott Case
l.         The Formation of the Republican Party
m.     How free were Free African Americans in the North?
2.       Civil War
a.       Military History:  The Major Battles
b.       Civil war Music
c.        Soldiers Experience
                                                               i.      For Cause and Comrades; McPherson
d.       The Human Cost of Total War
                                                               i.      Sherman:  The Burning of Columbia
                                                              ii.      Stonewall Jackson:  The Aggressive War
                                                            iii.      Andersonville Prison Camp
                                                            iv.      The Fall of Richmond
                                                             v.      The Meeting and Reconciliation
e.        People’s History Expanded
                                                               i.      Native Americans in the Civil War
                                                              ii.      African Americans in the Civil War
                                                            iii.      Hispanic Americans in the Civil War
                                                            iv.      Chinese Americans in the Civil War
                                                             v.      Women in the Civil War

3.       Reconstruction and the Legacy of the Civil War

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